Calf strain is a common injury in sports that involve sudden bursts of speed, such as football, hurling, and rugby. However, they also can happen during a simple walk, if your foot flexes upward when you step into a hole or if your heel slips off the edge of a curb. Both acute and chronic calf strain often stem from injury to the calf muscle. Calf pain is a common compliant and if it not managed appropriately it can persist for months or recur.
- Past history of calf muscle injuries
- Weak lower limb muscles
- Decreased lower limb proprioception
- Advancing age
- Inadequate pre-exercise warm-up
- Sudden change of direction/speed of movement
The treatment of calf injuries depends on the severity of the injury.
- Therapeutic soft tissue techniques
- Therapeutic exercises (strengthening, stretching)
- Balance and proprioception exercises