This condition is characterised by burning wrist pain and numbness, tingling, itching in the palm of the hand and the fingers. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tissues surrounding the flexor tendons in the wrist swell and put pressure on the median nerve. Symptoms usually start gradually but may occur at any time. Because many people sleep with their wrists curled, symptoms at night are common and may awaken you from sleep.
- Heredity: some people have smaller carpel tunnel than others
- Sex: women are more likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome than men as their carpal tunnel is smaller
- Hormonal factors, such as pregnancy and menopause
- Thyroid imbalance
- Repetitive hand and finger movement (typing, assembly line work, use of vibrating hand tools)
- Injury to the wrist which cause swelling
If diagnosed and treated early, carpal tunnel syndrome can be relieved without surgery. The treatment focuses on relieving pressure on the median nerve.
- Therapeutic bracing and splinting
- Ultrasound and/or electrical stimulation
- Therapeutic exercises to relieve pressure and stretch ligament
- Education on activity/modification of activity