Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is ongoing pain in your pelvic area (the area between your hips and below your belly button) that lasts six months or longer. It may or may not be associated with menstrual periods. Chronic pelvic pain can be a symptom of another disease, or it can be a condition in its own. Rarely men can suffer from chronic pelvic pain, too.
- Injured or weakened pelvic floor muscles
- Musculoskeletal alignment problems with the pelvic bones
- Gynecological conditions (endometriosis, ovarian cysts)
- Urological conditions (urinary tract infections, interstitial cystitis)
- Colorectal conditions (polyps or colon cancer)
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea can lead to pelvic floor dysfunction and pelvic pain
- Psychological factors: depression, chronic stress or a history of sexual or physical abuse
Depending on the cause, your doctor may recommend a number of medications to treat your condition. You may need to try a combination of treatment approaches.
- Exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles
- Stretching exercises
- Massage and other relaxation techniques
- Dynamic core stabilization
- Electrical stimulation