Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread pain lasting at least three months (neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms, and legs), sleep disturbance, fatigue and often psychological distress. People with fibromyalgia may also have other symptoms; such as: morning stiffness, headaches, painful menstrual periods, tingling or numbness in hands and feet, problems with thinking and memory.


The causes of fibromyalgia are unknown. Fibromyalgia can be linked to:

  • Traumatic event (mentally or physically), such as a car crash
  • Genetic factors
  • Repetitive injuries
  • Certain diseases: rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus; mental health problems such as depression and anxiety; neurological disorders

The goal of physiotherapy for fibromyalgia is to relieve pain, restore function. The treatment may include:

  • Therapeutic exercises to increase muscle strength/relax muscles
  • Assessment and correction of posture and body mechanics
  • Soft tissue techniques
  • Education about dealing with stress/relaxation techniques