Vestibular and Balance Disorders



The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that help control balance and eye movements. The vestibular system is reflexively linked to the muscles of the eyes and the rest of the body. Balance disorders can be caused by certain health conditions, medications, or a problem in the inner ear or the brain. Some of the symptoms of vestibular disorders are:

  • Dizziness or vertigo (a spinning sensation)
  • Light-headedness, faintness, or a floating sensation
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea
  • Changes in heart rate and blood pressure
  • Fear, anxiety, or panic
  • Viral or bacterial infections of the ear
  • Head injury
  • Blood circulation disorders
  • Advancing age
  • Taking certain medications
  • Arthritis
  • Eye muscle imbalance

In the treatment of balance disorder can play important role to relieve symptoms. Your treatment may include:

  • Exercises to improve balance, coordination and gait
  • Risk assessment of falls and training on fall prevention
  • Education of certain exercises/movements to reduce dizziness and nausea