Shoulder Conditions



Shoulders made of several joints that combine with tendons and muscles to allow a wide range of motion in the arm. They are also unstable because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. To remain in a stable or normal position, muscles, tendons and ligaments must anchor the shoulder. Because the shoulder can be unstable, it is the site of many common problems. They include sprains, strains, dislocations, separations, tendinitis, bursitis, torn rotator cuffs, frozen shoulder, fractures and arthritis.


There are numerous factors that can cause shoulder pain:

  • Aging
  • Overuse
  • Muscle weakness or imbalance
  • Improper sport/work technique
  • Previous injury of the shoulder

The goal of physiotherapy for shoulder injuries is to decrease pain and improve function.

  • Ultrasound and/or electrical stimulation
  • Therapeutic exercises
  • Assessment and advice on posture and body mechanics