Back Pain

back-pain

Overview

Back pain is one of the most common medical problems, affecting 8 out of 10 people at some point during their lives. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes suddenly and usually lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Back pain is called chronic if it lasts for more than three months. Chronic pain is commonly described as a deep, aching, dull or burning pain and often accompanied by numbness, tingling, and/or weakness.

Risks

Although anyone can have back pain, a number of factors increase your risk.

  • Poor physical fitness/lack of exercise
  • Being overweight
  • Improper body mechanics
  • Improper lifting and bending
  • Sports and other injury or fall
  • Occupational risk factors
  • Some diseases, like some types of arthritis and cancer can cause back pain
  • Poor posture
  • Ageing
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
Treatment

Back pain that is the result of strains and sprains will usually resolve with a conservative course of treatment within two to six weeks (provided there are no serious underlying medical conditions)

  • Hot or cold packs
  • Therapeutic exercises to improve muscle strength and flexibility
  • Education about proper posture/lifting
  • Joint and soft tissue mobilisation and modification
  • Dry needling